Digestion is a very important process because it gives your body the energy it needs to work. This process is mostly chemical, but also partly mechanical.
Breaking down the food begins in the mouth, where your teeth turn the large chunks of food into smaller bits and pieces. In the mouth, an enzyme called salivary amylase is added, which begins breaking down starch molecules.
When the food gets to your stomach, the stomach lining secretes enzymes, hydrochloric acid, and mucus. These liquids, combined, are called gastric juice, which softens the food and breaks down the proteins into molecules that can be absorbed by the body.
When the food enters the small intestine, more chemicals are added. Some of these chemicals are produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder until they are used. This liquid is called bile and is used to break down fat molecules into tiny drops.
Other chemicals are produced by the pancreas and are called pancreatic juices. These juices contain chemicals that digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. The pancreas also makes sodium bicarbonate, which neutralizes the hydrochloric acid.
Some Tips for keeping your Digestive System healthy
- Establish a regular schedule for food
- Drink lots of fluids
- Drink Herbal Teas
- Add Probiotics
- Add Fiber to Your Diet
- Stop Eating When You Feel Full
- Restrict Alcohol Intake
For more information about the digestive system, click on this.