The ancient Egyptians made their homes out of brick because it was the most common building material. The rich families always coated their homes in a layer of white paint to keep the house cool. Some of them sprinkled shiny rocks on their houses to make them glitter during the day. Most of the houses owned by the wealthy people had barred windows to protect them from wild animals and potential robbers.
The peasants all had homes. They were too poor to have white-painted houses but brick houses were so cheap that the peasant could decide how large he wanted his house to be. The city architects always planned to create houses for the poor and needy so that they would not go homeless.