The Pyramids, one of the major landmarks in Egypt.

Egypt is a transcontinental country that is partly in Africa and Asia. The main language that is spoken in this country is Egyptian, which is derived from Arabic.

The current population of Egypt is around 113 million people, most of whom are Muslims. The government in Egypt is a republican government, somewhat like that in America.

The Nile river, the biggest river in Egypt, can reach 2.8 km in width. It was the foundation for the Ancient Egyptian civilization. It is important today because it makes the land on its shores fertile and thriving. Today, 95% of Egyptians live within a few kilometers from the Nile because the country is mostly a desert.

Fun Fact: Mount Catherine is the tallest mountain in Egypt, reaching 2,642 meters in height.

The capital city of Egypt, Cairo, is home to ten million people, about 1/10 of the population of the country. Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Its border countries are Libya to the west, Sudan to the south, and Israel to the northeast. One of the most famous landmarks in the world can be found in Egypt, the Sphinx, a statue of a mythical creature with the head of a man and the body of a lion.

The main industries in Egypt are agricultural, energy, and tourism. Some of the crops grown in Egypt are: tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumas, olives, green chilies and peppers, apples, and sorghum. A type of food invented in Egypt is called Baklava.

Fun Fact: Did you know that the first peace treaty ever, 1258 BC, was made in Egypt between the Egyptians and the Hittites?

The Suez Canal is a man made waterway that provides people with the shortest maritime route to Asia from Europe; it is located in Egypt.

Egypt has an arid desert climate, which means it is mostly hot and sunny. There is a mild winter from November to April with temperatures reaching 14°C, and a hot summer from May to October with temperatures reaching 30°C.